Freedom Summer organizer Robert Moses talks to volunteers at an orientation session in Oxford, Ohio.
ID Number: G21731P
Freedom Summer organizer Robert Moses talks to volunteers in Oxford, Ohio. Behind him are John Pratt (left), attorney for the National Council of Churches, and John Doar (right) from the U.S. Attorney General's office.
ID Number: G21732P
Activists Rita and Michael Schwerner, in fifth row at left, attend Freedom Summer training in Oxford, Ohio. Days later, Michael Schwerner was killed by the Ku Klux Klan in Mississippi.
ID Number: G49670P
Freedom Summer volunteers learn how to take blows in a simulated mob attack. Days later, Andrew Goodman, in dark T-shirt, was killed by the Ku Klux Klan in Mississippi.
ID Number: G21733P
Freedom Summer volunteers prepare to leave their Oxford, Ohio, training camp for Mississippi. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee communications director Julian Bond is seen at left.
ID Number: G49674P
Freedom Summer volunteers canvass a Mississippi neighborhood to help register black voters.
ID Number: G21723P
Freedom Summer volunteers urge a Mississippi man to register to vote. Although 17,000 black residents submitted applications, local registrars rejected all but 1,600 applications.
ID Number: G21725P
A Freedom Summer volunteer works with students in Mississippi. At Freedom Schools across the state, students learned the history and philosophy of the civil rights movement, along with math, reading and other subjects.
ID Number: G50804P
Freedom Summer volunteers sing with children outside a Mississippi church.
ID Number: G49671P
Students in Greenwood, Miss., wear protest messages about voting rights pinned to their clothes. One message reads, "Deep in my heart I do believe — that we shall overcome."
ID Number: G21797P
Voting rights demonstrators stand outside the Leflore County Courthouse in Greenwood, Miss.
ID Number: G49672P
Voting rights demonstrators picket the Leflore County Courthouse in Greenwood, Miss., as a police officer looks on. "One man, one vote" was a rallying cry for the movement.
ID Number: G49673P
The burned-out station wagon used by missing civil rights workers James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner was found near Philadelphia, Miss., days after they disappeared.
ID Number: G38676
Neshoba County Sheriff Lawrence Rainey (left) looks on as Rita Schwerner (center), wife of missing civil rights worker Michael Schwerner, exits a garage after viewing the burned-out station wagon used by her husband and two other missing workers.
ID Number: G21751P
Rita Schwerner, wife of missing civil rights worker Michael Schwerner, is shown at the police station after viewing the burned-out station wagon used by her husband and two other missing workers.
ID Number: G21855P
Ted Polumbaum's Photos Capture the Drama of Freedom Summer
Ted Polumbaum covered the 1964 Freedom Summer campaign for Time magazine, from the volunteers' training sessions in Ohio to their arrival in Mississippi, where they defied segregationists in a door-to-door campaign to register blacks to vote. The volunteers also taught thousands of children in Freedom Schools.
Polumbaum captured rarely seen images of civil rights workers Michael Schwerner and Andrew Goodman, who with James Chaney went missing the first day of the historic Mississippi voting rights campaign. They were found dead 44 days later, murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan.
To see more of Ted Polumbaum's photographs and for information about image licensing, click here.