December 18, 2012

Remembering the Newspeople We Lost

By Sharon Shahid, online managing editor

Some are household names. Others are recognizable only through their works. All left a lasting impact on our world. As 2012 comes to an end, the Newseum recognizes notable men and women who passed away this year whose contributions to journalism will not be forgotten.

Many of them are featured in Newseum galleries and exhibits and are honored separately from the journalists who were killed around the world trying to report the news. For a list of those names, please visit the Journalists Memorial.

Joe L. Allbritton (1924-2012)

Joe L. Allbritton made a fortune in banking, but his purchase of the Washington Star in 1974 marked his ascent as an influential media mogul in the nation's capital and in other cities. FCC regulations forced Allbritton to sell the Star in 1978, but he kept his multiple broadcasting holdings, including Washington's flagship station WJLA-TV, whose call letters are Allbritton's initials, and Newschannel 8, one of the first 24-hour news channels in the country. (Photo: Courtesy WJLA)

Tony Blankley (1948-2012)

Tony Blankley had one of the world's most diverse resumes. The British-born newspaper columnist — best known as Newt Gingrich's press secretary when Gingrich was Speaker of the House — was a child actor, prosecutor, White House speechwriter, political pundit and a public relations executive. He also was the former editorial page editor of The Washington Times. At the 2008 GOP convention, Blankley was asked how he would like to be remembered in 100 years. "I won't be remembered at all," he said. "I am English. We do not even remember our kings." (Photo: Courtesy Tony Blankley)

Andrew Breitbart (1969-2012)

Conservative blogger Andrew Breitbart used his many websites to expose political corruption, hypocrisy and bias in what he called the liberal media complex.
The former editor of the online Drudge Report was embroiled in many controversies — he broke the news of former New York Rep. Anthony Weiner's salacious tweets that led to the congressman's resignation. "I love fighting back. I love finding allies, and — famously — I enjoy making enemies," Breitbart said. (Photo: Kathy Willens/Courtesy The Associated Press)

Helen Gurley Brown (1922-2012)

Three years after she wrote "Sex and the Single Girl," the revolutionary best-seller that assured single women they could have a career, marriage and a great sex life, Helen Gurley Brown took over the flagging Cosmopolitan magazine and turned it into a publishing phenomenon that set the standard for contemporary women's magazines. Cosmo embodied Brown's view: "A 'nice' single woman … has a better sex life than most of her married friends," she said. (Photo: Courtesy Marty Lederhandler/Courtesy The Associated Press)

Malcolm Browne (1931-2012)

Malcolm Browne won a Pulitzer Prize for his reporting but was best known for capturing an image of self-immolation that shocked the world. In 1963, Browne was a photographer for The Associated Press in Vietnam when a monk, drenched in aviation fuel, sat in the middle of an intersection, lit a match and set himself on fire. Browne's photo was published worldwide and helped turn President John F. Kennedy against Vietnamese leader Ngo Dinh Diem. "Everybody that witnessed this was horrified," Browne said in an interview. "It was every bit as bad as I could have expected." (Photo: Courtesy The Associated Press)

Horst Faas (1933-2012)

Horst Faas, a native of Berlin, Germany, was the first photographer to win two Pulitzer Prizes. As photo chief in Vietnam for the Associated Press, he assembled the best young photographers to chronicle the long war there. He was responsible for the worldwide release of two of the war's most iconic images: Nick Ut's "Napalm Girl," and the late Eddie Adams's "Saigon Execution." "I didn't try to do anything grandiose," Faas said in 2007. "I lived from day to day, from event to event. [Vietnam] was a perfect story for an agency photographer." (Photo: Courtesy The Associated Press)

Gil Noble (1932-2012)

Gil Noble's pioneering TV talk show "Like It Is" was one of the first of its kind to focus on issues affecting the black community and was one of longest-running public-affairs shows in the country. The Sunday morning program, which was broadcast from New York on ABC, had a reputation and following that expanded beyond the New York metropolitan area. "My response to those who complained that I didn't present the other side of the story was that this show was the other side of the story," he said. (Photo: WABC-TV/Courtesy The Associated Press)

William Raspberry (1935-2012)

When William Raspberry became a columnist at The Washington Post in 1966, there was only one nationally syndicated black columnist in the country. For nearly 40 years, until he retired in 2005, Raspberry reflected on topics ranging from civil rights to education. He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1994 for commentary. "I once enjoyed delivering the hard zinger. What happened?" he wrote in his penultimate column. "Perhaps … I found myself trying to write in such a way that people who didn't agree with me might at least hear me. Then I found that they were talking back to me in similarly civil tones. And it felt good." (Photo: Courtesy William Raspberry)

John Silva (1920-2012)

In 1958, KTLA-TV engineer John Silva turned a helicopter into a "Telecopter" by installing a camera and an antenna and covering stories from the air that would take hours to reach on the ground. Silva's invention helped KTLA dominate the air and the airwaves in Los Angeles, and pioneered traffic reporting, forest fires and coverage of high-speed car chases. "If we could build a news mobile unit in a helicopter … we could … get to all the stories before anybody in the competition," he said. "It'd be a wonderful thing." (Photo: Courtesy The Archive of American Television)

Stan Stearns (1935-2012)

Stan Stearns was covering President John F. Kennedy's funeral for United Press International when he captured one of the most iconic and enduring moments in history: Three-year-old John F. Kennedy Jr. saluting his father's caisson-driven coffin. The photograph was on the cover of every major publication in the world and helped define the mood of a grieving nation. Stearns's photo was the only image of John Jr.'s salute. "One exposure on a roll of 36 exposures," Stearns said. (Photo: Gene Sweeney Jr./Courtesy The Baltimore Sun)

Bert Sugar (1937-2012)

With his trademark fedora and ever-present cigar, Bert Sugar was part of the old school of sports writers. The flamboyant historian's extensive knowledge of sports, particularly boxing, made him a journalism legend. He was the editor and publisher of Boxing Illustrated and Ring magazines and was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame. "Sports writing is almost an extinct species," he said in a 2010 interview. "There's no time for thought and cerebral thinking on an article. They're just banging away." (Photo: Louis Lanzano/Courtesy The Associated Press)

Arthur Ochs Sulzberger (1926-2012)

Arthur Ochs "Punch" Sulzberger guided The New York Times into the information age during his 30 years as publisher, but his Supreme Court-approved decision to publish stories based on the controversial Pentagon Papers in 1971 was one of his lasting legacies. The Times was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for its coverage in 1972. "I had no doubt but that the American people had a right to read them and that we, at the Times, had an obligation to publish them," he said. (Photo: Courtesy The Associated Press)

Mike Wallace (1918-2012)

Perhaps no other reporter was more feared for his reportorial and interviewing skills than Mike Wallace. Wallace and correspondent Harry Reasoner were the original hosts of the CBS newsmagazine "60 Minutes." During his 38 years on the program, Wallace exposed hypocrisy in business, commerce and government. Perhaps the biggest compliment to Wallace's investigative clout is the often-repeated phrase of uncertain origin that has become part of journalism lore: "The four most dreaded words in the English language are 'Mike Wallace Is Here.'" (Photo: Courtesy CBS)

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